If pulmonary aspergillosis is not diagnosed and effectively treated one of the most severe symptoms is haemptysis or bleeding from the lungs caused by erosion of major blood vessels by the growing fungus. Effective treatment limits the amount of bleeding by slowing fungal growth and by controlling the severity of bleeding using a variety of techniques to help block off areas prone to bleeding - there is even some evidence that some antifungal drugs have a direct effect on the formation of new blood vessels in the area of infection (angiogenesis) and thus also help to limit bleeding.
|The bacterium that causes tuberculosis (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)|
Why is this not done? Up until the very recent research carried out at The National Aspergillosis Centre (NAC), Manchester, UK we simply didn't know that large groups such as TB could be at such high risk. Medication used to be very expensive but now this is much less of an issue as itraconazole has become available from a variety of sources at a much lower cost than that it was previously available for.
The presence of the National Aspergillosis Centre serves to focus attention on this illness and staff are seeking it out everywhere it can be found! The NAC is the first centre of expertise exclusively available to fight this disease and is actively raising awareness and advising medical colleagues all over the world.